I therefore propose that journals’ records should be made publicly available after an adequate lapse of time, including the names of reviewers and the confidential comments exchanged between editors and reviewers. The Nobel Foundation makes all its records available after 50 years, as do many governmental and other institutions. This delay may be reduced for scientific journals to, perhaps, 15 or 20 years. This is also likely to have a positive impact on the peer-review process itself.
However, my take on this suggestion is a bit different; the peer review records should be published along with the paper–it will surely have a positive impact on the peer-review process. If the reviewers of any review insist on anonymity, in those cases alone, the reviews can be published withholding the names of reviewers, which can be made public, say after 10 years or so.